During a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the surgeon makes four small incisions in your abdomen. A tube with a tiny video camera is inserted into your abdomen through one of the incisions. Your surgeon watches a video monitor in the operating room while using surgical tools inserted through the other incisions in your abdomen to remove your gallbladder.
In general, you can expect to go home in day once you’re able to eat and drink without pain and are able to walk unaided. It takes about a week to fully recover in a day.
A laparoscopic cholecystectomy isn’t appropriate for everyone. In some cases your surgeon may begin with a laparoscopic approach and find it necessary to make a larger incision because of scar tissue from previous operations or complications of Gall stomach
Gallbladder is a pear shaped pouch like structure situated below the liver and stores bile which is secreted by the liver and pumps bile into the intestine for the digestion of food.
Gallstones are pieces of solid material that form in the gallbladder. These stones develop because cholesterol and pigments in bile sometimes form hard particles.
The two main types of gallstones are: Cholesterol Stones: Usually yellow-green in color, approximately 80% of gallstones are cholesterol stones. Pigment Stones: These stones are smaller and darker and are made up of bilirubin.
Several factors may come together to create gallstones, including:
- Body weight
- Decreased motility (movement) of the gallbladder
Gallstones often don’t cause symptoms. Those that don’t are called “silent stones.” A person usually learns he or she has gallstones while being examined for another illness. When symptoms do appear, they may include:
- Pain in the upper abdomen and upper back; the pain may last for several hours.
- Other gastrointestinal problems, including bloating, indigestionand heartburn.
Infection / Inflammation of GB (Cholecystitis), perforation of GB , pus in GB (Empyema) & jaundice (due to slippage of stone into the common bile duct), Acute pancreatitis (severe pain in abdomen) and rarely carcinoma gall bladder.
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It is a highly developed technique for doing all types of surgical procedures. It is also known as Laparoscopic Surgery, Keyhole Surgery or Band-Aid surgery. A thin telescope known as laparoscope and working instruments are inserted through small incisions (3-12mm) in the abdominal wall and the laparoscope is attached to a tiny video camera which shows the inside view of patient’s body to a high resolution in the monitors. These incisions are usually covered with surgical glue/ closed with absorbable sutures and after a few weeks are barely visible thus avoiding any follow-up visit for suture removal.
There are several advantages like
- Rapid recovery,
- Hospital stay are shorter
- Negligible pain
- Minimal scarring,
- Back to daily routine within few days
Minimal Access surgery or the laparoscopic surgery reduces the hospital stay by half. In some MAS the patient can be discharged on the same day.