What is clinical haematology?
Clinical haematology is the study of diseases of the blood and bone marrow, and how to treat them. Clinical haematologists diagnose and look after people with these diseases
What are the different components of blood and what do they do?
Red cells give blood its color and account for 40 to 50% of its volume.
It is possible to give platelet or plasma-only donations every 2 weeks
What are blood disorders?
Blood disorders affect one or more parts of the blood and prevent your blood from doing its job. They can be acute or chronic. Many blood disorders are inherited. Other causes include other diseases, side effects of medicines, and a lack of certain nutrients in your diet.
Types of blood disorders include:
What is aplastic Anemia?
Aplastic anemia happens when your bone marrow stops making enough blood-forming stem cells. Most experts believe aplastic anemia happens when your immune system attacks and kills your stem cells. This causes you to have low blood counts for all three types of blood cells. Low blood counts result in symptoms such as fatigue, tiredness, risk for infections, bleeding and bruising. This disease can be classified as moderate (MAA), severe (SAA) or very severe (VAA) depending on how low your blood counts are.
What are the treatments for Aplastic anemia?
The key goal of aplastic anemia treatment is to increase the number of healthy cells in your blood (blood count). When your blood counts go up you are less likely to need blood from a donor (transfusion), your quality of life becomes better and your symptoms are not as bad.
Your doctor will look at several issues to find the best treatment plan for you. These include how severe your symptoms are, your age, other conditions or diseases you have and whether someone is willing and able to donate matching bone marrow to you (preferably a family member).
There are several treatments and treatment approaches your doctor may consider. These include:
What is MDS?
MDS (myelodysplastic syndromes) is a group of disorders in which your blood-forming stem cells are defective and fail to make enough healthy blood cells. These diseases happen because the bone marrow cells do not develop into mature blood cells. Instead, these blood cells stay within the bone marrow in an immature state. To be diagnosed with MDS, you must have low blood counts for at least one blood cell type and your blood cells must look abnormal under a microscope. Doctors must examine your bone marrow to give you a definite diagnosis of MDS. The symptoms and the course of MDS are different for each person depending on which blood cells are affected.
What is supportive care?
Doctors will sometimes refer to certain treatments as supportive care. The goal of supportive care is to help you manage the symptoms of your disease. These treatments do not treat the underlying cause of the disease.
General, supportive care includes the following: