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GallBladder Surgery ( Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy)

Dr. Rajat Goel(HOD)

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What is the function of gall bladder in the body?
Gallbladder is a pear shaped pouch like structure situated below the liver and stores bile which is secreted by the liver and pumps bile into the intestine for the digestion of food.

What are Gallstones?

Gallstones are pieces of solid material that form in the gallbladder. These stones develop because cholesterol and pigments in bile sometimes form hard particles.

The two main types of gallstones are:

Cholesterol Stones: Usually yellow-green in color, approximately 80% of gallstones are cholesterol stones.

Pigment Stones: These stones are smaller and darker and are made up of bilirubin.

What are the causes of gall stones?

Several factors may come together to create gallstones, including:

  • Genetics
  • Body weight
  • Decreased motility (movement) of the gallbladder
  • Diet

What are the symptoms of Gallbladder Stones/ Gallstones disease?

Gallstones often don’t cause symptoms. Those that don’t are called “silent stones.” A person usually learns he or she has gallstones while being examined for another illness. When symptoms do appear, they may include:

  • Pain in the upper abdomen and upper back; the pain may last for several hours.
  • Nausea,Vomiting.
  • Other gastrointestinal problems, including bloating, indigestionand heartburn.

What are the complications of Gallbladder (GB) stones?

Infection / Inflammation of GB (Cholecystitis), perforation of GB , pus in GB (Empyema) & jaundice (due to slippage of stone into the common bile duct), Acute pancreatitis (severe pain in abdomen) and rarely carcinoma gall bladder.

Procedure for laparoscopic cholecystectomy

During a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the surgeon makes four small incisions in your abdomen. A tube with a tiny video camera is inserted into your abdomen through one of the incisions. Your surgeon watches a video monitor in the operating room while using surgical tools inserted through the other incisions in your abdomen to remove your gallbladder.

After a cholecystectomy

In general, you can expect to go home in day once you’re able to eat and drink without pain and are able to walk unaided. It takes about a week to fully recover in a day.

A laparoscopic cholecystectomy isn’t appropriate for everyone. In some cases your surgeon may begin with a laparoscopic approach and find it necessary to make a larger incision because of scar tissue from previous operations or complications of Gall stomach

Dr.Rahul-Sinha-General-Surgery

Dr. Rahul Sinha

Dr. Rahul Sinha is a Senior Consultant-General and Laparoscopic surgery with above 13 years Experien ...

Dr. Rajat Goel (HOD)

Dr. Rajat Goel, is a trained Minimal Access and Bariatric surgeon having done his MBBS from prestigi ...

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