Aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement are procedures that treat diseases affecting the aortic valve. When the aortic valve isn’t working properly, it can interfere with blood flow as well as force the heart to work harder to supply the necessary blood to the rest of your body.
In some people, aortic valve disease may not cause any signs or symptoms for years. Others may experience shortness of breath, fatigue, and chest pain, loss of consciousness, irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), heart failure and sudden cardiac death.
Aortic valve repair or aortic valve replacement can treat aortic valve disease and help restore normal blood flow, reduce symptoms, prolong life and help preserve the function of your heart muscle.
Several conditions of the Aortic Valves such as Aortic Valve Stenosis and Aortic Valve Regurgitation call for replacement of the affected valves which is attained by performing surgery. The course of action taken for valve replacement is an open-heart surgery. Some people have the option of minimally invasive method to replace the aortic valve. These techniques include a catheter procedure.
The need for heart valve repair or replacement surgery may arise when valves are damaged or diseased and do not work well.
Valve Stenosis occurs when a valve doesn’t open fully. The valve may have become hardened or stiff with calcium deposits or scarring. Some reasons why heart valves become narrow and stiff include infection (such as rheumatic fever) and aging. Stiffening or narrowing of valve(s).
Medical care is essential once heart disease is diagnosed, with the goals of stabilizing the condition immediately, controlling symptoms over the long term, and providing a cure when possible.
Repairing or replacing valves through Catheter procedures (Non-Surgical) – In this procedure, a thin tube (catheter) is inserted into a blood vessel (in the groin or arm) and is threaded to the heart guided by imaging techniques. The catheter enables the interventionalist to have a better view of the inside on a video monitor and conduct the procedure.
Open-heart surgery– When the condition can’t be managed solely by medications, an open-heart surgery might be recommended. This surgery is carried out under the influence of general anaesthesia and requires the use of a heart-lung machine to substitute the essential functions of the heart and the lungs during the surgery. A small cut is placed between the child’s ribs to reach his heart or the damaged valve and the defect is repaired using stitches or clips. In cases where heart valves are severely damaged, the damaged valves may be replaced by artificial valves (made from animal valves or human valves taken from donors).
The duration largely depends upon the number of valves to be replaced or repaired. Minimally Invasive Cathartic procedures (Non-Surgical) have a shorter recovery time than surgery. They are often preferred over surgical repair or replacement as they are less painful.
Coronary artery bypass-
This open heart surgery which use arteries or veins to bypass the diseased coronaries. It can be done either on pump or veins off pump.
Non invasive faculties available at Primus Hospital include ECG, 2D and 3D echocardiography, exercise stress Echo, dobutamine stress echo treadmill testing, 24 hours holter monitoring contrast echocardiography, Transesophageal, echocardiography. Experienced and skilled technicians and staff make the patients undergo the tests smoothly.