Renal cell cancer refers to the condition where there is a growth of cancer cells form in the tubules of the kidney. The most common type of renal cancer appears in the renal (kidney) tissue that helps in filtering the blood and produces the urine. This condition is commonly known as renal cell cancer (or renal cell carcinoma). Another kind of adult kidney tumour grows in the renal pelvis where the urine collects and this type of renal cancer is called transitional cell carcinoma.
What are the signs of kidney cancer?
In most of the cases renal cancer is accidentally found on imaging (USG or CT) done for any other disease or on routine checkup.
What are the risk factors for renal cancer?
Following are the risk factors for renal cell cancer:
What are the ways to find whether one has a renal tumor?
The following tests and procedures may be used to detect renal cancer:
What are the Stages of Renal Cell Cancer
In stage I, the tumour is about 7 centimetres and limited to the kidney.
In stage II, the tumour becomes larger than 7 centimetres and is found only in the kidney.
In stage III:
In stage IV, cancer spreads past the layer of fatty tissue surrounding the kidney and may be found in the adrenal gland present above the kidney, or in surrounding lymph nodes; or Cancer reaches the bloodstream in the kidney or in the layer of fatty tissue around the kidney. Cancer may be found in the nearing lymph nodes.
Surgical resection(radical or partial nephrectomy) is the affirmed, often therapeutic, treatment option for stage I, and II renal cell cancer. The surgical intervention includes removal of perirenal fat,kidney, adrenal gland, and Gerota fascia, with or without a local lymph node dissection.
In patients suffering from bilateral stage I neoplasms (concomitant or subsequent), unilateral partial nephrectomy with contralateral radical nephrectomy or bilateral partial nephrectomy when technically possible, maybe a selected alternative to bilateral nephrectomy with either transplantation or dialysis.
Growing evidence implies that a partial nephrectomy is remedial in selected cases. A pathologist should review the gross specimen apart from the frozen section from the parenchymal margin of extraction.
Laparoscopic Radical/Partial Nephrectomy is the technique that gives patients a safe and effective way of removing a diseased or cancerous kidney. Laparoscopic nephrectomy refers to a minimally invasive technique, that gives patients less trouble and gives similar results as compared to the larger incision needed with traditional open surgery.
What is laparoscopic partial nephrectomy surgery?
Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy is a minimally invasive technique used extensively for removing a portion of the kidney, used basically as a treatment for primary renal tumours.
It is a safer and effective way of removing a small renal tumour while protecting the remaining kidney. This is a minimally invasive procedure, that provides less discomfort to the patients with comparable results like the traditional open surgery.