Sports Medicine is an umbrella term that encompasses many different areas of professional specialization, all of which are in same way related to either enhancing athletic performance or caring for the injured athlete. Exercise physiologists, Biomechanist, Nutritionists, Sports Physiologists, Strength and conditioning coach, nurses, physicians, physician assistants, athletic trainers and physical therapists can all legitimately claim to be specialists in Sports Medicine.
Certainly each of these areas of specialization can make a significant contribution to getting athletes fit for competition, helping them perform to their maximum potential, and guiding them back to competitive levels following injury.
It is essential for all Sports Medicine professionals to realize that a team approach, which takes maximum advantage of the collective knowledge, talent, and expertise of all specialists in a collaborative effort, affords the athlete the optimal conditions for successful performance.
The field of Sports Medicine is still in its infancy relative to many other well-established fields in health care. Proper rehabilitation of athletic injures requires:
Sports Physiotherapist: A DefinitionA sports physiotherapist is a recognized professional who demonstrates advanced competencies in the promotion of safe physical activity participation, provision of advice, and adaptation of rehabilitation and training interventions, for the purposes of preventing injury, restoring optimal function, and contributing to the enhancement of sports performance, in athletes of all ages and abilities, while ensuring a high standard of professional and ethical practice.
Sports Physiotherapist: A DescriptionSports physiotherapists are professionals who aspire to work at master's level. Sports physiotherapists work with athletes of all ages and abilities, at individual and group levels, to prevent injury, restore optimal function and contribute to the enhancement of sports performance, using sports-specific knowledge, skills and attitudes to achieve best clinical practice.
Sports physiotherapists are pioneers in t heir field, critically challenging and evaluating practice, developing new knowledge through research, and disseminating this understanding to initiate changes in practice.
In their role as a professional leader, sports physiotherapists influence their professional and multidisciplinary cultures by keeping up to date with new innovations, incorporating them into education, and creating a professional environment that enables the implantation of best practice. They aim to promote safe participation in physical activity, and the sports physiotherapy profession, to the wider community and facilitate international mobility of therapists through education and practice.
Role of Sports Physiotherapists:
Prevention of Injury:
As we all know the age old Philosophy in Medicine "Prevention is better than cure", same does apply in Sports Medicine too. The Levels of Prevention:
Refers to specific strategies that are used to prevent injury or illness occurring.
The implementation of rules to avoid harmful tackling techniques and use proper guidelines for protective wears.
(b) Secondary Prevention:
- Early detection of injury.
- The prevention of the progression of the extent or severity of injury.
- The prevention of development of any complications.
- The prevention of the severity and amount of disability.
- Prompt administration of appropriate therapy.
- Restoration of functions.
- Prevention of recurrence by the administration of appropriate rehabilitation programs.
- Implementation of Specific preventive measures.
Injury evaluation and management:
- Trauma to a previously well athlete, e.g. Head injury, chest or abdominal injury, spinal injury.
- Aggravation of a previously recognized medical problem e.g.: asthma, diabetes.
- Presentation of a previously unrecognized medical problem, e.g.: asymptomatic heart disease
- Pre-season assessment.
- On-field assessment.
- Detailed clinical assessment.
- Reassessment at various stages of rehabilitation and improvement.
- Aerobic and anaerobic fitness.
- Strength testing.
- Body composition analysis.
- Medical fitness
- Vitals Blood
- ECG Urine
- Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique.
- Kinetic chain exercise.
- Flexibility and stretching exercise.
- Passive stretching.
- Neuromeningeal stretching.
- Mobilizing exercises.
- Proprioception exercises.
- Functional activities.
- Promote efficient scar formation
- Reduce muscle tension
- Reduce excessive adhesion and scar formation
- Reduce pain
- Reduce muscle spasm
- Promote healing by increasing blood flow
- Help recovery after exercise by promoting lymphatic drainage
- Reduce swelling
- Deactivate trigger points.
- Reduce pain
- Increase blood flow
- Reduce inflammation
- Promote healing
- Reduce muscle spasm
- Muscle stimulation
- Shortwave Diathermy
- Microwave Diathermy
- Interferential Therapy
- Electrical Muscle Stimulator
- Wax bath
- Hot Packs & Cold Packs.