Kidney Transplantation Faq
The procedure of kidney transplant can be done for which type of patient?
Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for people with kidney failure. This allows the patients to stop the dialysis, decrease their fluid and diet restrictions, and have a much better quality of life.
Many things are taken into consideration by the Transplant team like blood and tissue types have to match. The compatibility between a patient and the donor reduces the chances of organ rejection and can contribute to a more successful transplant.
What does a perfect match kidney?
Usually, a perfect match is from a Mother, father, brother or sister, but sometimes the donors don’t always have to be genetically similar. The chance of getting a perfect match from a living-related brother or sister is much higher than from the national registry.
What are antibodies and how does rejection occur?
Antibodies are the proteins generated by our immune system to fight with any foreign element which comes in contact with our body. When you have an organ transplant, your body reacts as it would to a foreign element. Thus, your antibodies try to fight the new organ transplanted in the body.
Who can donate the kidney for transplantation?
The kidney can be donated by a Living Donor or a Non- Living Donor. The success rate for the recipients is much higher from Living Donor than the Non Living Donor as there is less chance for rejection.
What factors can increase the success rate of transplantation?
There are several factors which can increase success rate of transplantation, such as:
What is the process for the Kidney Transplantation?
- A living donor must be in good health and free from diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer, kidney or heart disease.
- Living donors usually are between 18 and 60 years old.
- The living donor must undergo a series of tests to determine if they are truly compatible with the recipient.
After finalization of the donor, he/she is admitted to the hospital the day before the kidney donation for all the necessary tests.
Before the operation, an IV line is connected to a vein in the donor’s arm for medication and fluid. A catheter is inserted to drain urine from the bladder. The kidney is removed, and the donor is transferred to recovery room. The donor is encouraged to walk around after few hours. The IV and catheter remain in place for a few days; as soon as the donor is able to eat and drink, the IV is also removed. In general, the donor goes home in five to eight days. He or she usually can perform daily activity in about four weeks.
Does the living donor experience any adverse effects after the procedure?
There is a very small risk of death or any other major complexity associated with living kidney donation. A very large majority of live donors can start performing their daily activities within 4 weeks time.
What does Heartbeating donors mean? How they are different form Non Heartbeating donors?
Heartbeating donors are the donors who have suffered an irrevocable brain injury such that their heart will stop beating in few weeks or so. After the permission for donation of the kidney from such donor’s relatives, the donor is taken to the operation theatre for the retrieval of the kidneys when the donor’s heart is still beating.
The patients who dies of cardiac arrest, their kidney can be retrieved by flushing them with cold preserving solution and remove them from the body before they start disintegrating. .In this situation, the heart is no longer beating, hence the term non-heartbeating. It has been found out that Non Heartbeating Donors have usually low success rate.
What are the factors which contribute to a successful transplant surgery?
- Kidney transplant through a Living Donor is much more successful than a Non Living Donor. Most kidney transplant fails because of rejection by the body.
- The extent to which the matching between the donor and the recipient.
- Age of the donor- as transplants from a younger donor is much more successful.